Story: Biculturalism

John Rutherford, Pākehā–Māori

John Rutherford, Pākehā–Māori

John Rutherford was an Englishman who arrived in New Zealand about 1816 aboard a whaling ship. Some of his crew were killed by Māori, but Rutherford was adopted by the tribe and fully tattooed. He learned to speak Māori and was made a chief. Pākehā–Māori like Rutherford were among the first bicultural New Zealanders.

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Alexander Turnbull Library
Reference: PUBL-0099-299

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How to cite this page:

Janine Hayward, 'Biculturalism - From bicultural to monocultural, and back', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 25 January 2022)

Story by Janine Hayward, published 20 Jun 2012