This 1846 drawing by Thomas Collinson shows the two principal founders of the Kīngitanga movement – Mātene Te Whiwhi (standing) and Tāmihana Te Rauparaha, together with Mātene's wife, Pipi (Phoebe) Te Ihurape and a child. Both men were baptised and taught to read and write by missionaries in Ōtaki, and they adopted European dress and manners. From 1853 they began campaigning for a Māori monarch to develop unity and retain Māori land. When war broke out in 1860 they opposed it and supported the government.
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