Story: Crisp, Benjamin

Page 1: Biography

Crisp, Benjamin

1808–1901

Carrier, temperance reformer, character

This biography, written by Dawn M. Smith, was first published in the Dictionary of New Zealand Biography in 1990.

Benjamin Crisp was born in London, England, probably on 11 May 1808, the son of Sophia Crisp and her husband, Benjamin, a tinsmith. He left England in 1819 for Australia, where he worked as a whaler, farm worker, and bullock driver. In 1837 he moved to New Zealand, joining a whaling party on the Kapiti coast and then working as a boatman at Port Nicholson (Wellington).

Crisp crossed to Nelson in early 1842 and teamed up with Sam Phelps, a bullock driver who had been notorious in Port Nicholson for naming his bullocks after local magistrates. Their use of a bullock dray to transport the luggage of immigrants from the port to the town brought them into competition with Alfred Saunders, who had been selling wheelbarrows for the same purpose. Business was brisk and so profitable that they needed to work in the mornings only. Afternoons were spent drinking and then sleeping off the results under their dray. One day in August 1842 Crisp had been so drunk that he had walked out of Wright's public house and straight into the tideway, under the impression that he was going over a bridge.

On Sundays Alfred Saunders, founder of the Nelson Temperance Society, used the bullock dray as a platform for his temperance addresses. These had their effect on Crisp, who called on Saunders at 4 a.m. one morning in June 1843 to repent his intemperate ways and sign his name in the pledge book. Saunders came to regard him as his most valuable convert, with the possible exception of the politician William Fox.

Crisp married Elizabeth Burnett in Nelson on 14 December 1846; they raised five daughters and five sons, whom their father would exhibit at temperance meetings as healthy specimens of teetotalism. It was with the children of Nelson that Ben Crisp was to have his greatest influence. He founded a Band of Hope to provide wholesome amusement for them, was active in the Sunday school, and dedicated 50 years to their welfare. The band was always at the forefront of public occasions, with upwards of 500 children turning out to welcome important visitors. George Grey was particularly taken with their activities and contributed towards their annual Queen's Birthday treats.

On these occasions the children would gather at the Temperance Hall for the festivities which Crisp had organised. A parade around the town would be followed by games and then prodigious quantities of buns and cakes would be consumed. Proceedings would end with lantern slides, the favourite being of a man swallowing rats.

Ben Crisp was regarded with great affection by the whole community, being universally referred to as 'good old Ben Crisp'. Saunders was struck by his 'fine head and honest face and manners; his good English, so entirely free from any county dialect.' He was presented with a gold medal and a purse of 60 sovereigns during celebrations for the 1887 Jubilee. On his death at Nelson on 2 September 1901 he was accorded a public funeral. His headstone reads, 'Erected by the Nelson citizens in memory of Ben Crisp who was the children's friend'.

How to cite this page:

Dawn M. Smith. 'Crisp, Benjamin', Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published in 1990. Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, https://teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/1c29/crisp-benjamin (accessed 12 December 2019)