These are the main patterns used in rubble construction. The pattern depends partly on the type of stone and partly on the training and preference of the stonemason.
Two main methods are used for stone walls: ashlar, where quarried stone is sawn to a particular size and the blocks fit closely together, and rubble, where stones are used as they are, or roughly shaped and laid with wide joints. Most stone buildings in New Zealand are of rubble construction apart from a few institutional buildings.
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Reference: Jeremy Salmond, Old New Zealand Houses, 1800-1940. Auckland: Reed, 2000, p. 49
Artwork by Jeremy Salmond
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