In 1918 the ethnographer Elsdon Best obtained this fishing maramataka from Rev. Metara Te Ao-marere of Ōtaki, who had obtained it from Mita Te Tai. Although the nights of the moon are traditional, the symbols were invented in the 1800s. Each symbol represented a particular aspect of the night of the moon. For instance, straight lines indicated good nights for line fishing, and black dots for fishing by torchlight. A night such as Whiro, with a dot and a line, was good for both.
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Reference: Elsdon Best, Fishing methods and devices of the Maori. Wellington: Dominion Museum, 1929, p. 112
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