Traditional Māori knowledge includes whakapapa (genealogies) of fish and other underwater species. This chart shows that Ranginui, the sky father, and Papatūānuku, the earth mother, were the parents of Tangaroa, the god of the sea. Tangaroa married Heketangawainui and they had Punga, the ancestor of the fish and octopuses.
Using this item
This item has been provided for private study purposes (such as school projects, family and local history research) and any published reproduction (print or electronic) may infringe copyright law. It is the responsibility of the user of any material to obtain clearance from the copyright holder.