Story: Death rates and life expectancy

Gender patterns in life expectancy

While over time the life expectancy of women gradually overtook that of men, in the past there was often a gender crossover during the reproductive years, when the physiological burden of childbearing took a heavy toll on women. This graph shows how in 1945 Māori females had lower life expectancy than Māori men – a common pattern in societies with high rates of both fertility and mortality. A slight crossover was also observable for non-Māori in 1876.

Using this item

Te Ara – The Encyclopedia of New Zealand

Source: I. Pool, 'Mortality trends and differentials.’ In Population of New Zealand / Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, vol. 1. ESCAP country monograph series, no. 12, 2 vols. New York: United Nations, 1985, pp. 209–242.

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How to cite this page:

Ian Pool, 'Death rates and life expectancy - New Zealand epidemiological transitions', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/graph/26574/gender-patterns-in-life-expectancy (accessed 10 August 2020)

Story by Ian Pool, published 5 May 2011, reviewed & revised 14 Mar 2019