The Kauri Gum Industry Act 1898 created kauri gum reserves. These areas covered around 100,000 hectares and were exclusively for the use of British subjects (including Māori). A licensing system was also introduced. The regulations were partly aimed at restricting Dalmatian diggers. As a result, Dalmatians shifted their focus, and many made arrangements with private landowners, paying a rental for the right to dig gum.
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Alexander Turnbull Library
Reference: MapColl 832.11gbb 1903 47490
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