Forest covered about 80% of New Zealand before humans arrived. The semi-arid areas of the Mackenzie Country and Central Otago were the only large tracts not covered in forest. By 1840, Māori burning had reduced the forest cover to about 50%. In the North Island, fern and shrubs replaced the burnt forest. In the South Island, most of the cover east of the main divide was a mixture of shrubs and tall tussock grasslands.
Using this item
This item has been provided for private study purposes (such as school projects, family and local history research) and any published reproduction (print or electronic) may infringe copyright law. It is the responsibility of the user of any material to obtain clearance from the copyright holder.
Source: Bateman New Zealand historical atlas: ko papatuanuku e takoto nei. Auckland: David Bateman, 1997, plates 8, 12