Click on the key at the top of the graph for a close-up view of the period 1840–1901; click on the key again to restore the full graph.
As this graph shows, it was conceivable up to the turn of the 20th century that Māori were dying out. Certainly their population had fallen since settlement by Europeans. From about 1920 it became clear that this was not the case, as the Māori population began to make a strong recovery.
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Source: Ian Pool, Te iwi Māori: a New Zealand population, past, present and projected. Auckland: Auckland University Press, 1991; Statistics New Zealand