This whakapapa (genealogy) gives the terms associated with whānau. At the top is the most senior generation, and the most recent generation is at the bottom. The eldest child of a whānau appears on the left and is known as the mātāmua. The youngest child is on the right and is known as the pōtiki. The elder brother of a boy is his tuakana and a younger brother is his teina. These terms also apply to the same-sex siblings of females. Males can be indicated by (m) for male or (t) for tāne, and women by (w) for woman or wahine.
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