This interactive map shows how almost the entire land area of the South Island passed out of Māori ownership during 20 years in the mid-19th century. The sales were based on the Crown promising to provide South Island Māori with benefits such as schools, hospitals and land reserves. Its failure to honour such undertakings resulted in a large treaty claim settlement 150 years after the land losses began.
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Source: Appendices to the Journals of the House of Representatives, 1865, G-3.