New Zealand’s first marine reserve was established north of Auckland at Cape Rodney–Ōkakari Point (near Leigh) in 1975. Only a few other reserves appeared in the next decade, but the 1990s showed real growth, with 14 protected areas set up. By the 2000s the government aimed to have 10% of New Zealand’s Exclusive Economic Zone under some form of protection. In 2014 there were 44 marine reserves, two marine parks, three marine protected areas and six marine mammal sanctuaries.
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