Hawke’s Bay was settled by Europeans in the 1840s, a decade when Britain was preoccupied with its Indian empire. Clive and Hastings commemorate two legendary names of 18th century British India, and Plassey River Clive’s major victory. The 19th-century general Napier won the province of Sind (Scinde) for British rule in 1843 at the Battle of Miani, which became Meeanee in New Zealand. Havelock, a later place name, commemorates Henry Havelock, who helped recapture much territory during the conflict known to British at the time as the Indian Mutiny. Alma is a lone Hawke’s Bay place name commemorating the first major engagement of the Crimean War (1854–56).
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