In the early 1890s the Kotahitanga movement aimed to create a national Māori parliament. Kotahitanga organisers gathered signatures throughout the country from supporters of their movement. These signatures were collected on a set of special documents called the Kirihipi (sheepskin) Deeds, which were divided into six geographical regions based on major tribal groupings. This map shows the boundaries of the Kirihipi Deeds. By contrast, the boundaries of the four Māori seats in the same period took little account of tribal regions.
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Source: Paremata Maori o Niu Tireni. Nohanga tuatahi. I tu ki te Waipatu, Hune 14, 1892. Ōtaki: Webbe & Co., Kai taa kai Whakaputa, 1892.