Te Wai-o-Hua, descended from the Te Arawa tribe Ngā Oho, were the main tribe on the Tāmaki isthmus until the mid 18th century. They were responsible for the Ōtuataua stonefields in Māngere, and some Te Wai-o-Hua still live close by. The stonefields were a sophisticated system of gardening, designed to create warm microclimates for growing semi-tropical plants.
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Photograph by Lloyd Homer
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