Pīngao (Desmoschoenus spiralis), an orange native sedge, seen here at middle left, lives naturally in New Zealand sand dunes. Green marram grass (Ammophila arenaria), seen here in the foreground, was introduced from Europe to bind sand, but has become a weed, as it grows more vigorously than pīngao. These sand dunes at Mason Bay, Stewart Island, are also home to many kiwi who feed out in the open, probing for sandhoppers and other insects of the shore.
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Photograph by Carl Walrond
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