Story: Forest succession and regeneration

Sand dunes succession

Sand dunes succession

On these sand dunes and sandy plains near Himatangi, you can see different stages of secondary succession. In the foreground, bracken fern grows on open exposed dunes with yellow tree lupin (Lupinus arboreus), an introduced nitrogen-fixer. They provide shelter in which māhoe and lacebark shrubs establish themselves (the light-green shrubland behind). In the distance is a mature semi-swamp forest of kahikatea and pukatea.

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Photograph by Maggy Wassilieff

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How to cite this page:

Maggy Wassilieff, 'Forest succession and regeneration - Plants in a succession', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/photograph/11901/sand-dunes-succession (accessed 27 January 2020)

Story by Maggy Wassilieff, published 24 Sep 2007