Story: Farm families

Mixing a Christmas cake (2nd of 3)

Mixing a Christmas cake

In the absence of domestic servants, who were expensive, farmers’ wives did the cooking. Here Jessie Buckland mixes the Christmas cake in 1896, using a spoon and mixing bowl. The ingredients would probably have included hand-made butter from the family’s cows and eggs from her own fowls, and she would have baked the cake in a wood-fired range which required regular stoking.

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Hocken Library, University of Otago
Reference: S08-193d

Permission of the Hocken Library Uare Taoka o Hakena, University of Otago, must be obtained before any re-use of this image. Further information may be obtained from the Library through its website.

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How to cite this page:

Emma Dewson and Jock Phillips, 'Farm families - The colonial family and the household economy', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 21 January 2022)

Story by Emma Dewson and Jock Phillips, published 24 Nov 2008