In January 1861 Major General Thomas Pratt, the new commander of imperial troops in Taranaki, began digging a sap (covered trench) towards Te Āti Awa’s many lines of defence at Te Ārei in front of Pukerangiora pā, inland of Waitara. After a few weeks, often under heavy fire, the soldiers had constructed eight earthwork redoubts, six of which were on several kilometres of trench. The end of the sap, shown here, is now in Pukerangiora historic reserve. As the soldiers reached this point, a truce was negotiated and the first Taranaki war ended.
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Photograph by Ron Lambert
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