In the South Island, beech (Nothofagus) forests dominate the cooler mountain ranges from north-west Nelson to southern Fiordland. Forests such as this one are usually a mix of the four indigenous beech species (red, silver, hard, and mountain or black). Pure stands of one species are rare. As a rule, beech forests are more open and easier to walk through than the thicker podocarp–broadleaf forests.
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