Members of the Student Christian Movement (SCM) crowd around a visiting Chinese speaker, Dr T. Z. Koo, during a retreat at a marae in Ōtaki in the 1930s. Dr Koo was then vice president of the World's Student Christian Federation. The New Zealand SCM was formed in 1921, although an Australasian body had existed since 1896. It aimed to be inclusive – open to anyone regardless of the nature of their faith. By the 1930s race relations, pacifism, the labour movement and the international rise of fascism were leading topics of discussion for the New Zealand SCM.
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Reference: E. P. Blamires, Youth movement: the story of the rise and development of the Christian Youth Movement in the churches of New Zealand as seen by a Methodist. Auckland: Forward Books, 1952, opp. p. 25
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