Story: Daily life in Māori communities – te noho a te hapori

Gum-digging village, around 1910

Gum-digging village, around 1910

These women and children lived in a temporary settlement on the gumfields at Pārengarenga, Northland, in about 1910. At that time the great majority of Māori retained a rural lifestyle and often, as in this case, they lived in mainly Māori communities in remote locations. The way of life in these communities was generally very different from their traditional patterns of life, but their remoteness from European communities meant that their language and certain customs and practices remained distinctively Māori.

Using this item

Alexander Turnbull Library, Northwood Collection (PA-Group-00027)
Reference: 1/1-006280-G
Photograph by Northwood Brothers

Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image.

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How to cite this page:

Mark Derby, 'Daily life in Māori communities – te noho a te hapori - Changes in daily life after European arrival', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 27 October 2021)

Story by Mark Derby, published 5 Sep 2013