Peter Buck, or Te Rangi Hīroa as he preferred to be called later (right), is shown recording the making of a hīnaki (eel trap) by Paratene Ngata during a Dominion Museum ethnographic field trip up the East Coast in 1923. Although the Polynesian Society was started by Pākehā ethnologists such as Percy Smith, the journal did accept contributions in Māori, and during the early 20th century Buck and Āpirana Ngata were sympathetic to its work. Both men combined their own ethnological interests with wider leadership in the Māori world as politicians, scholars and thinkers. They were both kaumātua and intellectuals.
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