Native sand-binding plant species such as pīngao were planted on Papamoa Beach in the late 1990s and early 2000s. This helped to establish dunes which, once formed and covered in vegetation, trapped more wind-blown sand. Dunes are important as a buffer zone between the sea and roads or buildings. This photograph was taken the day after Cyclone Ivy hit in March 2004, when 10-metre waves pounded the beach, with little damage.
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Bay of Plenty Regional Council Toi Moana
Photograph by Greg Jenks
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