Story: European ideas about Māori

Types of mankind

This illustration is drawn from Josiah Nott and George Gliddon's 800-page volume, Types of mankind, published in 1854. The book was highly influential in promoting the idea of separate creations of races. Nott was an Alabama doctor, Gliddon an Egyptologist, and both were heavily influenced by Samuel Morton's study of human skulls which led him to the view that different races were distinct and separate species. Types of mankind was used to justify the slavery of blacks in the southern United States, and it had an international audience which included New Zealand, where it was used to justify polygenist views about Māori.

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Reference: Josiah Nott and George Gliddon, Types of mankind: or, ethnological researches, based upon the ancient monuments, paintings, sculptures, and crania of races. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Grambo & Co., 1854

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How to cite this page:

James Belich, 'European ideas about Māori - Hard racism and the ‘Call of the Pah’', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 24 January 2020)

Story by James Belich, published 5 May 2011