Story: Self-government and independence

Invoice to the British government

Because the British government controlled Māori affairs, it was liable for the costs of fighting the New Zealand wars. This is an invoice for piloting services provided to the HMS Eclipse in August 1865. The frigate served as part of the ‘Waikato flotilla’, a group of warships that protected vessels travelling the Waikato River. Pinned to the invoice is a note saying ‘Charge on Imperial Government’.

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How to cite this page:

W. David McIntyre, 'Self-government and independence - Controlling Māori affairs', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 30 July 2021)

Story by W. David McIntyre, published 20 Jun 2012