Kōrero: Building trades

Earth and water closets

Earth and water closets

By the late 19th century earth and water closets were being installed in houses or outbuildings. Water closets were similar to today’s toilets, with a flush chain carrying the waste away. At first this was not into a sewer but a cesspit, as many cities, or parts of cities, still lacked sewers. The contents of the pails from earth closets were collected by the night-soil man in a cart at night.

Te whakamahi i tēnei tūemi

Penguin Random House

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Te tuhi tohutoro mō tēnei whārangi:

Carl Walrond, 'Building trades - Plumbers and drainlayers', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/mi/artwork/24700/earth-and-water-closets (accessed 23 May 2022)

He kōrero nā Carl Walrond, i tāngia i te 11 Mar 2010