This illustration by Alphonse de Neuville, from F. E. Raynal’s Wrecked on a reef (1880), shows the Grafton survivors guarding their flame. Fire for warmth and cooking was an essential requirement for survival.
Te whakamahi i tēnei tūemi
Alexander Turnbull Library
Reference: F. E. Raynal, Wrecked on a reef, or, twenty months among the Auckland Isles. London: T. Nelson, 1880, p. 53
Lithograph by Alphonse de Neuville
Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image.