At the start of the 20th century most city residents rented their dwellings. Government initiatives to create a property-owning democracy – through cheap state mortgages, among other things – saw home-ownership rates skyrocket in the 1920s. They fell during the 1930s economic depression, then rose steadily, peaking at 73% (both nationally and in the four main centres) in 1986. Since then home-ownership rates have declined. The reasons included increased housing costs, lower housing subsidies, and young people delaying settling down and having children. By 2006 the ideal of a property-owning democracy was in retreat.
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Source: New Zealand census, 1916–2006