Kōrero: He Whakaputanga

Whārangi 1. Te papamuri o te whakaputanga

Ngā whakaahua me ngā rauemi katoa o tēnei kōrero

Te tononga o te Rehireneti

I ngā tau tīmata o te rautau 1800 ka taetae mai ngā kaihoko, ngā kaipatu tohorā me te ttini o te hunga manene ki Aotearoa. Tērā anō te āwangawanga a te hunga mihinare, a te tini hoki o te hunga manene me ngā iwi Māori hoki ki te noho kore ture o ngā whakahaere o te motu. Me whakatū kāwanatanga rawa e tau mai ai he rongoā mō tēnei mate. I muri mai ka tau mai te kaipuke Wīwī, a La Favorite, i te tau 1830, ka māharahara ngā Pākehā kei whakaekea a Aotearoa e iwi kē.

I te tau 1831 ka tukua e ngā rangatira 13 o te Tai Tokerau he reta ki te kīngi me te inoi kia whakahaumarutia rātou e ia. Ko tō rātou kaiāwhina rātou ko te mihinare nei, ko William Yate. Ko te tukunga iho ka whakatūria a Te Pūhipi ki te tūranga Rehireneti. I tōna taenga mai i te tau 1833 kāore i nui ōna rauemi. Kāore he ope taua, kāore hoki he pirihimana hei tautoko i āna mahi, me ōna hiahia. Ka whiua te kōrero mōna, ānō nei he manuao  kāore ōna pū tōna tūranga.

Te Haki o Te Whakaminenga

Mehemea kāore he haki o ngā kaipuke o Aotearoa, tērā pea ka ngaro rātou te muru, arā, ō ratou kaipuke, e ngā āpiha o ētahi atu whenua. Ko te kaipuke tērā o Patuone rāua ko Taonui a Sir George Murray ka kāwhakina, ā, ka puritia ki Poihākena mō te kore mau haki ā-motu.

Ka rere te karanga a Te Pūhipi kia kōwhiria mai e ngā rangatira o te Tai Tokerau tētahi haki mō tēnei motu. E toru ngā kōwhiringa mō rātou, nā Te Karuwhā tonu i whakarite. Nō te 20 o Maehe 1834 ka kōwhiria e ngā rangatira te haki ki Waitangi, ā, ka mōhiotia ko te haki o te Whakaminenga. Ka whakahōnoretia ki te tohu waipū rua tekau mā tahi, ā, ka whakamanaia e te kīngi o Ingarangi, koia hoki tēnei te haki o ngā kaipuke mai i Aotearoa. Ko te tūmanako a Te Pūhipi kia mahi tahi ngā iwi Māori ki raro i te maru o te haki hou.

Te hainatanga o te whakaputanga 

I tua atu i te noho kore ture o te motu, ka māharaharatia ngā tiro hiakai mai a Wīwī me Amerika ki tēnei whenua. Ā, i te tau 1834 ka mōhiotia e whakamaherehere ana te Wīwī a Hāre Panera Te Tiari (de Thierry) ki te haramai ki Aotearoa ki te taunaha i te rohe o Hokianga hei whenua motuhake.

Kātahi ka huia mai e Te Pūhipi ngā manukura o te Tai Tokerau kia tāmoko i te Whakaputanga. Nō te Oketopa 1835 ka tāia e te huihuinga o ngā rangatira 34 o Te Tai Tokerau. Kia tae rawa ki te tau 1839 e heri haeretia ana te Whakaputanga ki ngā iwi o te motu. E 52 tōpū ngā moko. Ko ētahi anō i haina ko te rangatira o Waikato ko Te Wherowhero, meāke ka tū hei kīngi Māori; rāua ko Te Hāpuku o Ngāti Kahungunu.

Me pēnei te tohu i te whārangi:

Basil Keane, 'He Whakaputanga - Te papamuri o te whakaputanga', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/mi/he-whakaputanga/page-1 (accessed 14 December 2019)

He kōrero nā Basil Keane, i tāngia i te 20 Jun 2012