Kōrero: Kākahu Māori

Whārangi 7. Te whakarākai i te ūpoko

Ngā whakaahua me ngā rauemi katoa o tēnei kōrero

Nā te mea ko te ūpoko te wāhanga tapu rawa o te tangata – he maha ngā tūmomo taonga ka tiaia ki te māhunga. Waihoki ko ngā hinu me ngā kōkōwai, ngā raukura, ngā pua, me ngā rau rākau. I ō mua wā, mā te manu korokī rawa te heru. He kōiwi, he kōhatu, he rākau ētahi heru.

He nui ngā rerekētanga o te tāmitanga o te iwi e tauiwi. Kua poto ngā makawe o ngā tāne. Kua whakamahi kē i ngā raukura o ngā manu tauiwi i te haumatenga o te Wao-nui-a-Tāne. Kua tīmata hoki te whakamahi o te heru e te hunga wāhine. E mau tonu iho ana te pare kawakawa o nehe i te wā o te mate, ā, mohoa noa nei.

Ngā tauhokohoko ki te Pākehā

'Ko ētahi o ngā taonga hoko a Gunnah he raukura takapū. He taonga tēnei e kaingākautia ana e te tāne me te wahine huri noa i te ao … kātahi ka naomia e ia ngā raukura i te pouaka, ā, ka āta whakatakotoria ānō nei nā te ringa rehe i Rānana tonu i whakakōpaki. Ka titia e ia te raukura ki te ūpoko o tēnā, o tēnā o ngā wāhine, ā, ka whakamiha rātou ki a  rātou anō.’ 1

Ngā momo raukura mō te māhunga

Ko ētahi raukura mō te māhunga ko te remu o te amokura. Ko te rau o tītapu, ko te awe-nui rānei ngā raukura o te remu o te kotuku.

Te rau huia

I mate ā-moa te huia i te mea he taonga nui ki te Māori me te Pākehā tonu. Kei te remu o te huia ōna kura 12, ka mutu, he pango, he mā hoki te pito. Ka tangohia katoatia rānei te remu kia auahitia hei whakamau ki te makawe. E kī ana te kōrero ka whakamahia te raukura o te huia hei hanga i te marereko. Nā te inati rawa o te kairangi o te rau huia ki te tangata ka whakairotia te waka huia hei pupuri i ngā rau.

Te toroa me te tākapu

I ngā tau o te rautau 1700 ka tāia e te tohunga tā a Kuki ngā tāne e mau ana i ngā raukura o ngā manu o te moana, arā, te tākapu me te toroa.

Heru

He maha ngā tūmomo heru. Ko te titireia he iwi tohorā kotahi mā te rangatira anake. Arā anō ngā heru ka whakairotia i te kōiwi manu, kōiwi tangata, i te rākau rānei. He rite hoki ngā tikanga whakangaro ki ētahi atu taonga mau ki te tinana, he mea āta nehu, ko te nuinga ki roto i ngā repo.

Ngā pare me ngā pōtae mamae

Kei tēnā iwi, kei tēnā iwi ōna ake rau ka whakamaua e rātou ki te ūpoko hei tohu whakamomori. He rarauhe, he kawakawa ētahi rau ka whakamahia. E haere tonu ana tēnei tikanga ki ngā tangihanga i ēnei rā tonu.

Ko te pōtae tauā hei tohu e noho ana te tangata i raro i te kapua pouri. I te tau 1769 ka tuhia ngā kōrero mō ngā wāhine me ngā tāne Māori e mau ana i ngā pōtae tauā ki Tōtaranui. I te rautau 1800 ka kite nuitia te mau haere i te hunga pouaru. E tāpiri ana ko ētahi atu wāhanga e tautau ana i ngā kanohi o te kaipupuri.

E ora tonu ana tētahi momo pōtae tauā i tēnei rā. Arā, he aho muka me te karepō (rimurehia rānei) i runga ake. E kīia ana tēnei momo pōtae tauā he karapō.

Kupu tāpiri
  1. John Liddiard Nicholas, Narrative of a voyage to New Zealand, performed in the years 1814 and 1815, in company with the Rev. Samuel Marsden, Principal Chaplain of New South Wales. Vol. 1. London: James Black and Son, 1817, pp. 398–399. Back
Me pēnei te tohu i te whārangi:

Awhina Tamarapa rāua ko Patricia Wallace, 'Kākahu Māori - Te whakarākai i te ūpoko', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/mi/kakahu-maori/page-7 (accessed 9 December 2019)

He kōrero nā Awhina Tamarapa rāua ko Patricia Wallace, i tāngia i te 5 Sep 2013