A large part of New Zealand’s original forest cover has been removed. Farmers sowed pasture seeds and applied fertiliser, creating high-producing exotic grassland. Most of this is in the North Island, but there is irrigated land on the east coast of both main islands, and in Southland. In low rainfall regions, such as Central Otago, pasture growth is limited by lack of soil moisture, and only low-producing grasslands persist. Most of the exotic forests are in the North Island.
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