Kōrero: West Coast region

Alpine passes

Alpine passes

From the 1850s people in Canterbury sought an easy pass over the Southern Alps to the West Coast. There were a number of traditional Māori routes (all given European names), but they were thought too difficult for a road. Following the gold rush in 1864, a road was hastily constructed over Arthur’s Pass, and completed in 1866.

Haast Pass was identified as a possible route at about the same time, but was too far south to give access to the West Coast goldfields. A road over the pass, connecting Otago to the West Coast, was not opened until the 1960s. In the north, Lewis Pass had long been known as a Māori route and miners’ track, but was not opened as a road until the 1930s.

Te whakamahi i tēnei tūemi

Te Ara - The Encyclopedia of New Zealand

This item has been provided for private study purposes (such as school projects, family and local history research) and any published reproduction (print or electronic) may infringe copyright law. It is the responsibility of the user of any material to obtain clearance from the copyright holder.

Ngā whakaahua me ngā rauemi katoa o tēnei kōrero

Te tuhi tohutoro mō tēnei whārangi:

Simon Nathan, 'West Coast region - Transport and communication', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/mi/map/21127/alpine-passes (accessed 9 December 2019)

He kōrero nā Simon Nathan, updated 7 Sep 2016