Kōrero: Marine minerals

New Zealand’s legal sea floor

New Zealand’s legal sea floor

Since 1978 New Zealand’s legal claim to the sea floor around its islands has been defined by a line drawn 200 nautical miles (370.4 kilometres) around its islands. But in some places New Zealand’s mostly underwater continent extends well beyond this. Under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea there is a process for countries to apply for an extension of the area of sea floor that they have control over. In New Zealand’s case this applies to areas where the submerged New Zealand continent extends beyond the 200-mile limit. In 2006 New Zealand is likely to propose that its legal sea floor be enlarged (taking in parts of the area marked in brown). Where this extends beyond the 200-mile limit, New Zealand will enjoy rights over mineral resources and organisms (such as sponges and molluscs) on the sea floor, but not fish stocks.

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Te Ara - The Encyclopedia of New Zealand

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Source: GNS Science

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Te tuhi tohutoro mō tēnei whārangi:

Ian Wright, 'Marine minerals - Nodules, crusts and vents', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/mi/map/5512/new-zealands-legal-sea-floor (accessed 4 April 2020)

He kōrero nā Ian Wright, i tāngia i te 12 Jun 2006