Kōrero: Ngā iwi tuatahi

Whārangi 1. Te whare kōrero

Ngā whakaahua

He nui tonu ngā kōrero tuku iho a ngā iwi Māori o Aotearoa mō ngā tāngata me ngā atua i ora i mua noa atu i te taenga mai o ngā waka i Te Moananui-a-Kiwa. He mea nui ēnei kōrero ki te tuakiri o te tangata whenua.

Te taenga mai o ngā waka

Kī ngā kōrero, nā ngā waka ngā tāngata o Te Moananui-a-Kiwa i mau mai ki Aotearoa. He kōmaru, he ama ō ngā waka nei, ka mutu, e rua rā anō ngā takere. Whai muri i tā rātou ūnga mai ki Aotearoa, ka tū ngā kāinga o ngā tīpuna o ngā iwi e takatū nei i ēnei rā.

Ka tohu ngā mātauranga hōu a te Pākehā ki te hekenga mai o ngā tāngata i Poronihia mā runga i ō rātou waka e 700 tau ki mua.

Ngā kōrero nō mua noa atu i ngā waka

I tua atu i ngā kōrero mō ngā waka, ko ngā kōrero tuku iho mō ngā iwi i noho ki Aotearoa i mua i te taenga mai o ngā waka. Ka noho enei kōrero ki roto i ngā tāhū kōrero a tēnā, ā tena iwi.

Ka taea pea te whakaraupapa i ngā kōrero hei whakaatu i te hōhonu o ngā hononga o ngā iwi ki te whenua. Kua whakaritea ngā kōrero o raro nei ki te whakapapa:

  • Hineahuone – te tangata tuatahi, i pokea mai i te one.
  • Māui – te tipua nāna Te Ika-a-Māui i hī ake. Ko Te Wai Pounamu tōna waka, ko Rakiura te punga o taua waka.
  • Ngā tīpuna o te ao tūroa. E ai rā ki a Ngāti Whātua, i tipu mai tō rātou tipuna a Tuputupu-whenua i te whenua; waihoki, whakapapa mai ai a Ngāi Tūhoe i a Hinepūkohurangi, arā te pūkohu tāiri ki runga o Te Urewera. Koinei tapaina ai Te Pēhi ko Tūhoe, ‘ngā tamariki o te kohu’.
  • Ko te patupaiarehe me te tūrehu – ko ngā maunga ngā kāinga o ngā iwi nei. E kīia te kōrero, ko rātou te tangata whenua tūturu.
  • Ko Kupe rāua ko Toitehuatahi ētahi o ngā kaitoro tōmua ki Aotearoa. E kī ana e ētahi, ko Kupe te Māori tuatahi kia tae mai ki Aotearoa. Whakapapa mai ai te maha o ngā iwi i a Toitehuatahi, me kī koinei te takenga mai o te mana whenua me ngā pānga o ētahi iwi.

Te here ki te whenua

Ka tīmata ngā kōrero tuku iho mō te tangata i te whānautanga mai o Hineahuone i te whenua. Koinei te tūturutanga o te herenga o te tangata ki te whenua. Kei te pihinga ake o te tuakiri o te iwi, ko āna kōrero tuku iho.

Me pēnei te tohu i te whārangi:

Te Ahukaramū Charles Royal, 'Ngā iwi tuatahi - Te whare kōrero', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/mi/nga-iwi-tuatahi/page-1 (accessed 17 July 2019)

Story by Te Ahukaramū Charles Royal, published 8 Feb 2005