In the late 19th and early 20th century most farmers took their milk and cream to the dairy factory by horse and cart. While factories making cheese wanted whole milk, those making butter only wanted the cream. From about 1900 the introduction of home separators meant farmers could separate their milk into cream and skim milk, and transport only the cream to the butter factory. This is the Sandymount dairy factory in Otago, in 1903.
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Toitū Otago Settlers Museum
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