Australian temperance campaigner Bessie Lee addresses a group of men and boys from the balcony of Scott's Junction Hotel in Rangiora, Canterbury, probably during her 1902 or 1905 tours of New Zealand. Bessie Lee settled in New Zealand in 1908 after marrying retired Southland farmer Andrew Cowie.
The temperance (anti-alcohol) movement gathered steam in New Zealand from the late 19th century. Campaigners influenced law makers, and legislative victories included provision for dry areas where liquor could not be sold and regular public polls on liquor. However, they did not succeed in gaining an outright ban on liquor sales in New Zealand.
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