Initially Irish immigrants tended to congregate in certain occupations – single women as domestic servants, single men as miners. These miners are working on the Tunnel claim near Charleston on the West Coast, in the 1890s. Charleston was a strong Irish community throughout the second half of the 19th century.
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Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image.