Kōrero: Geology – overview

Papa cliffs, Hawke's Bay

Papa cliffs, Hawke's Bay

North of Cape Turnagain the cliffs are formed of soft grey mudstone (papa rock) deposited on the sea floor about 15 million years ago. The soft mudstone is being rapidly eroded by the sea, forming impressive cliffs and gullies. Similar soft rock underlies large areas throughout New Zealand, and is highly susceptible to erosion and landslides during heavy rainfall.

Te whakamahi i tēnei tūemi

GNS Science
Reference: CN7603/30
Photograph by Lloyd Homer

Permission of GNS Science must be obtained before any use of this image.

Ngā whakaahua me ngā rauemi katoa o tēnei kōrero

Te tuhi tohutoro mō tēnei whārangi:

Eileen McSaveney and Simon Nathan, 'Geology – overview - New Zealand reborn', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/mi/photograph/8379/papa-cliffs-hawkes-bay (accessed 29 March 2020)

He kōrero nā Eileen McSaveney and Simon Nathan, i tāngia i te 12 Jun 2006