Kōrero: Citizenship

Gustav Kronfeld, ‘enemy alien’

Gustav Kronfeld, ‘enemy alien’

During the First World War some people of German descent who were living in New Zealand – even some who had been naturalised – were interned as ‘enemy aliens’. Businessman Gustav Kronfeld (seated, centre), though naturalised in 1893, came under suspicion because of his German birth and was imprisoned. He wrote to the minister of justice because being declared an enemy alien was a source of great worry to him. He was particularly concerned that his children who had been born in Samoa of his Samoan wife Louisa (seated, left) might be deprived of the privileges of British nationality.

Te whakamahi i tēnei tūemi

Auckland City Libraries - Tāmaki Pātaka Kōrero
Reference: 31-57402
Photograph by Herman John Schmidt

Permission of Auckland City Libraries Tāmaki Pātaka Kōrero must be obtained before any re-use of this image.

Ngā whakaahua me ngā rauemi katoa o tēnei kōrero

Te tuhi tohutoro mō tēnei whārangi:

David Green, 'Citizenship - Towards New Zealand citizenship', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/mi/photograph/944/gustav-kronfeld-enemy-alien (accessed 20 September 2020)

He kōrero nā David Green, i tāngia i te 8 Feb 2005