Kōrero: Tangihanga

Whārangi 4. Te tukanga tangihanga

Ngā whakaahua

Whānau pani

Ko te wāhi ki te whānau pani (kiri mate, kura tūohu rānei) he tangi. He nui ngā āhua ki tērā mea te tangi, ko te haehae i te kiri ki te matā tētahi me te whakamomori tonu. Mō te whānau pani, mō ngā pouaru rawa, ka whakaaetia te whakamomori hei whakaputanga pōuri.

Kaua e tāunu i te hunga mate

Ka ohorere te whānau o Mihi Kotukutuku i te taenga atu o ngā pahi e toru a Te Arawa ki tōna tangi i te Tai Rāwhiti. Ko te kaupapa o tā rātou haere he tāunu i a ia. Heoi ka mahara rātou ki te kōrero, E kore te rangatira e tohe ki te tūtūā’, he mihi taurangi kē tā rātou. I ngā tau ki mua, ka ara ake ia kia whaikōrero ki runga i tētahi o ō rātou marae (kāre rātou i te whakaae kia tū pēnei te wahine). Ehara i te mea he pai anake ngā kōrero poroporoaki tangihanga nei.

Kore rawa te whānau pani i mahi kē atu, ā, ka tiaki i te tūpāpaku me te noho kore kai.

Pare kawakawa

Ko te pare kawakawa tonu e mau ana ki te māhunga te tohu o te tangi mō te ariki noanoa. He rongoā nui hoki te kawakawa ki te Māori, ka whakamahi nuitia i roto i ngā kawa maha, pērā i te whakamānu waka, te tā kawa whare me te tohi tamariki.

Te hahunga

Kua rerekē ngā tikanga o te hahu me te nehu i runga i te wā. I ngā wā ō mua, ka nehua te tūpāpaku ki ngā rua iti noa, ka whakanōhia ki roto ana, rākau rānei. I ētahi wā ka titia te tūpāpaku ki raro i te moana, ki roto hōpua wai rānei. Nāwai ka hoki te tohunga ki te tiki i ngā kōiwi mō te hahunga. I roto i tēnei tikanga ka horoia, ka warua, ā, ka tuhia ngā kōiwi ki te kōkōwai i mua i te auraki atu ki te marae kia tangihia anō. He ōrite tēnei whakahaere ki te tangihanga. Ko te otinga whakamutunga o ngā kōiwi he mea huna kia kore ai e tānoanoatia e te hoariri.

I mua, ā, i ēnei rā tonu, kāre i nui ngā mahi tahu tūpāpaku. Hāunga anō i ngā wā o te tahumaero, mēnā rānei i mate mai ki te whenua o te hoariri (kia kore e raweketia ōna kōiwi e te hoariri)

Te hākari

He tikanga whakahirahira te hākari i ngā tangihanga a te Māori, e hoki mai anō ai te whānau pani ki te ao mārama. E ai ki ngā kaimātai tōmua, i whai wāhi nui anō ki ngā hahunga te hākari me ngā mahi whakakotahi anō i te hapū, me te iwi. Atu i ngā whakamaharatanga ki a rātou kua oti te hahu me te nehu, kua whiriwhiri anō te iwi mō ngā rangi kei te heke mai.

Me pēnei te tohu i te whārangi:

Rawinia Higgins, 'Tangihanga - Te tukanga tangihanga', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/mi/tangihanga/page-4 (accessed 13 November 2019)

Story by Rawinia Higgins, published 5 May 2011