Kōrero: Te iwi Māori kei ngā tāone

Whārangi 3. Ngā kōtuitui ki ngā tāone

Ngā whakaahua

Ka tau haere te Māori ki te noho tāone, ka tahuri rātou ki ētahi rōpū tautoko. Ka hangaia ētahi rōpū hōu, hei whakahui i te Māori i runga i te kōrerorero me te mahi tahi. Ko te nuinga o ngā rōpū nei ehara i te rōpū whanaunga, waihoki, nā te ngākau hihiko ki ngā mahi a te Māori me te hiahia ki te awhi i ngā mea tauhōu ki te momo noho ki ngā tāone. Ko ētahi o ēnei rōpū ko ngā karapu Māori, ngā kaunihera, ngā komiti toko i te ora, ngā wātene, Ngā Wāhine Toko i te Ora, ngā rōpū rangatahi, hāhi hoki.

Ngā rōpū haka

Ka rata te hunga rangatahi ki ngā rōpū kapa haka, nā tō rātou hiahia ki ngā mahi me ngā tikanga a te Māori, me te whakahuihui hoki ki ētahi atu Māori. Hei tauira, nō te tau 1937 ka tū a Ngāti Pōneke ki Te Whanganui-a-Tara i raro i ngā akoako a Kīngi Tāhiwi; kāore i roa ka hau te rongo mō ā rātou mahi. E ai ki tētahi o te rōpū, he wāhi tēnei, ‘e kitea ai te kanohi Māori ki roto o te tāone.’ 1

Mai i taua wā kua tū te maha o ngā rōpū haka. I te tekau tau atu i 1950 ka hūnuku te tokomaha o ngā tāne mai i Te Tai Rāwhiti ki Ōtautahi i Te Wai Pounamu mō ngā kaupapa whakangungu mahi. I te tau 1961 ka whakatūria Te Roopu Kapa Haka o Te Kotahitanga hei whakakotahi i a rātou mā te ako i tō rātou taha Māori. Nō te tau 1986 ka tū ko Te Waka Huia ki Tāmaki-makau-rau hei whakaputanga mō ngā tikanga me ngā mahi Māori. I roto i ngā tau ko rātou me ētahi atu rōpū haka o ngā tāone ngā toa i roto i ngā whakataetae haka ā-motu.

Rōpū Tōrangapū

Kia tae ki te tekau tau atu i 1970 kua matika ētahi kaiārahi Māori ki ngā mahi mautohe. Ko tētahi ko Ngā Tamatoa i Tāmaki. I whai rātou kia akona te reo ki ngā kura, kia whakamanatia te Tiriti o Waitangi. Ka mautohe rātou i ngā rā o Waitangi i ngā wāhi whakanuia ai te rā o Waitangi.

Ngā Taura Here

Tini te Māori e noho ana ki ngā tāone kei te pūmau ki ō rātou iwi, ā, kei roto hoki i ngā nekeneke a ō rātou iwi. Hei ētahi kei runga i ngā komiti marae, he māngai rānei mō ngā mea o te iwi e noho ana ki ngā tāone ki runga i ngā poari kaitiaki o te iwi.

I ngana ētahi iwi ki te manaaki i ō rātou uri kei ngā tāone mā te whakatū taura here. Koianei ngā māngai mō rātou o te iwi kei ngā tāone e noho ana, koianei ngā rōpū ka whakakaha i ngā here ki te wā kāinga.

Te tiaki i ōu ake

I kōrero a Te Rangihau o Ngāi Tūhoe mō te whakatūnga o ngā taura here a te iwi ki ngā tāone:

‘Ka kōrero ahau mō tōku ake iwi o Tūhoe. Nō muri kē mātou hūnuku ai ki ngā tāone. I aroha atu mātou ki ā mātou tamariki kei ngā tāone e noho mokemoke ana…Koinā ka tū ā mātou rōpū ki ngā tāone hei whakahui i a rātou’ 2

He roa te taura here o Ngāi Tūhoe kei ngā tāone. Kei Tāmaki-makau-rau ko Te Tira Hōu, kei Kirikiriroa ko Te Hono-a-te-kiore, kei Te Whanganui-a-Tara ko Tūhoe-ki-Pōneke ko Tū-te-maunga-roa rānei. Ia rua tau i te wā o te Āranga ka hoki ngā rōpū nei ki ‘te wā kāinga’ ki te whakataetae me ō rātou uri i Te Hui Ahurei, i ngā haka, ngä tākaro me ētahi atu mahi. I whakatūria te hui nei kia ita tonu te taura here ki te wā kāinga.

Kei Te Whanganui-a-Tara, i kotahi ngā uri o Tainui ki raro i a Waikato ki roto o Pōneke. Ka ngana te rōpū kia mau tonu ngā here o ngā uri kei Te Whanganui-a-Tara ki te iwi kāinga. Ka tūtaki rātou ki te kōrero mō ā rātou tikanga o te iwi. He wā anō ka hoki rātou ki te kāinga ki ngā hui a te iwi.

Kupu tāpiri
  1. The silent migration: Ngāti Pōneke Young Māori Club 1937–1948; stories of urban migration. Told to Patricia Grace, Irihapeti Ramsden and Jonathan Dennis. Wellington: Huia, 2001, p. 2. › Back
  2. John Rangihau, ‘Being Māori.’ In Teo Ao Hurihuri: the world moves on: aspects of Māoritanga, edited by Michael King. Auckland: Reed, 1992, pp. 184–5. › Back
Me pēnei te tohu i te whārangi:

Paul Meredith, 'Te iwi Māori kei ngā tāone - Ngā kōtuitui ki ngā tāone', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/mi/te-iwi-maori-kei-nga-taone/page-3 (accessed 16 October 2019)

Story by Paul Meredith, published 8 Feb 2005, updated 17 Feb 2015